Cake shaped slow release fertilizer ejecting device

一种饼状缓释肥排肥装置

Abstract

本发明涉及一种饼状缓释肥排肥装置;包括机架、递肥装置、推肥装置、排肥管道和单片机;机架由上下两层可活动连接在一起组成;递肥装置包括步进电机一、凸轮、推杆固定模块、推杆、肥桶和递肥盒;排肥装置包括步进电机二、齿条和齿轮;不递肥时,挡肥板位于肥桶下端出肥口并将出肥口堵住,饼状缓释肥不能下落;推杆前进时带动递肥盒斜向前进,挡肥板随之前移将出肥口打开,递肥盒移动至出肥口下方,饼状缓释肥下落至递肥盒中;本发明能实现饼状缓释肥的可控单个依次递送、排放,解决了饼状缓释肥单个排肥的困难。该装置可以保证稳定的排放饼状缓释肥,解决了人工施肥时需要频繁搬动,成本高,劳动强度大的缺点。
The invention relates to a cake shaped slow release fertilizer ejecting device. The device comprises a rack, a fertilizer delivery apparatus, a composting apparatus, a fertilizer ejecting pipeline and a single chip microcomputer. The rack is composed of an upper layer and a lower layer movably connected together; the fertilizer delivery apparatus comprises a stepping motor 1, a cam, a push rod fixed module, a push rod, a fertilizer barrel and a fertilizer delivery box; a fertilizer ejecting apparatus comprises a stepping motor 2, a gear rack and a gear; when fertilizer is not delivered, a fertilizer baffle plate is located at a fertilizer outlet at the lower end of the fertilizer barrel and blocks the fertilizer outlet, so that a cake shaped slow release fertilizer cannot fall; the push rod can drive the fertilizer delivery box to move forward while advancing, the fertilizer baffle plate then shifts forward to open the fertilizer outlet, the fertilizer delivery box moves to a position below the fertilizer outlet, and the cake shaped slow release fertilizer falls into the fertilizer delivery box. The cake shaped slow release fertilizer ejecting device provided by the invention can realize controllable single delivery and ejection of the cake shaped slow release fertilizer in order, and solves the difficulty of single fertilizer ejecting of cake shaped slow release fertilizers. The device can guarantee stable ejection of cake shaped slow release fertilizer, and solves the disadvantages of need for frequent movement, high cost and high labor intensity in artificial fertilization.

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